Maranta


Maranta

The Maranta plant belongs to the Marantaceae family. It is native to the equatorial belt, and grows in the undergrowth where there is a very humid climate. The Maranta is an evergreen plant, and has very particular leaves, in fact they remain extended during the night, and folded the next day. This procedure is very important for the plant to stay moist for the rest of the day. It should also be remembered that La Maranta is a type of plant that grows very quickly, which is why it is suitable for those who want to grow a seedling and see the results immediately.


Environment and exposure

The plant plant must absolutely be grown in shady places, and that the temperature varies between twenty and twenty-eight degrees. Therefore, during the summer period, you will not have any problems regarding its cultivation, only during the cold periods you will have to keep it away from the cold and drafts. It is also important to understand the difference between cold and humid climate, because if mistakes are made, the Maranta plant could die.


Ground

Regarding the soil to be used for the Maranta plant, you should know that it is important to use a porous type of soil, which must be mixed from beech leaves and peat. Finally, don't forget to add a little sand to ensure good water drainage. In fact, Maranta is a type of plant that does not tolerate the stagnation of water that accumulates at the bottom of the plant without any reason. And if you want the plant to have perfect drainage, then all you have to do is put shards on the bottom of the saucer that greatly favor the flow of water.


Planting and repotting

Since Maranta is a type of plant that has a rapid growth, it needs to be repotted in very short times, in fact when the plant is still young, it must be repotted about five times a year. Then when it reaches a height of about twenty centimeters, it can be considered an adult, and the planting must be carried out only twice a year. When you do this difficult operation, we recommend using pots made entirely of terracotta, because they favor the filter of the air in the earth.


Watering

The waterings must be estimated differently depending on the period, in fact during the seasons such as spring and summer, the Maranta must be watered constantly, to keep the soil moist. Instead, during the period of the year when there is a much colder climate, watering must be drastically reduced, so that the soil remains only slightly moist. Since the plant is used to living in very humid places, also get into the habit of nebulizing the foliage. During this operation, take care not to touch the flowers as they could be damaged. A final recommendation that we want to bring to your attention, would be to place the plant on a saucer, so as not to touch the roots of the plant and the water, in this case the water will evaporate with the heat, and will keep the plant even more humid.


Fertilization

Fertilization is a type of operation that, like watering, varies according to the period. In fact, during the spring-summer period, it should be done about every three weeks, using a type of fertilizer that must be in the form of a liquid so that it can be well mixed with the watering. Instead, in the period from autumn to winter, fertilization should only be done once every two months. The main elements that must be contained in the fertilizer are nitrogen in large quantities, followed in descending order by Potassium and Phosphorus.


Pruning

The Maranta does not require excessive pruning, in fact over time, it is enough to cut the leaves that dry up and are in excess. Much more important, however, is the use of sterilized tools because even cutting a simple leaf, the plant could get sick if the tool with which this operation is carried out is dirty.


Reproduction

The Maranta plant is reproduced through the cutting technique, in fact it is enough to cut it in two starting from the root, in this way you will have obtained two smaller plants. You will need to immediately place them in separate pots and start growing them as if they have just sprouted.


Flowering

The plant does not have very showy flowers, on the contrary they are very small, and have a pale white color. However, it is possible to see them only in a plant that grows free in nature, in those grown in apartments and almost impossible.


Diseases and parasites

The Maranta often when plagued by a parasite, has withered leaves and a dark brown color. This happens because the plants are most often placed in places where the temperatures are very low. So, if you notice it in a short time, a single remedy would be to move it to places where the temperature is between twenty and twenty-eight degrees.



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The garden in a bottle

In 1830 the Englishman Nathaniel Ward made an interesting discovery. He found that in a closed glass container, where there is no circulation of air and water, plants can grow for a long time. This discovery quickly became practical and people started creating mini-gardens in a bottle.

Perhaps, this is the cheapest way to buy a flower garden, because everyone has a suitable glass container. To create a garden in such a container, there must be a particular humid microclimate, as well as diffused light. Choose plants with this factor in mind.

How to make a garden in a bottle?

It will be necessary to make a garden in a bottle with your own hands:

  1. Glass container A large glass on the leg, a glass vase, a pot-bellied bottle with a narrow neck, an old aquarium, a vase of an unusual shape.
  2. Drainage. Sold in the ready-made store. Please note, the smaller the capacity, the shallower the drainage.
  3. Coal. This is important for closed containers, for open containers it is not necessary. Activated charcoal tablets are suitable.
  4. Ground. You can buy ready in the flower shop. The earth is only filled to 1/5 of the capacity.
  5. A couple of sheets of paper, a knife, a fork, a spoon, a stick, a spool of thread. They will help fill the vessel with a narrow neck.
  6. Furnishing items At your choice, you can take a dry, clean sand, stones, shells, twigs, plastic cup for pond, knitted mesh, driftwood, ceramic frogs, moss, pebbles and other customary.

First, put a drain at the bottom of a clean glass container. A 5 cm layer will save the roots from rotting and help the plants breathe. The conceived landscape will help to make a different height of the drainage layer.

When the bottle has a narrow neck, fold a sheet of paper into the mouthpiece and guide it to where the drain or soil needs to lie. A layer of charcoal is placed on the drain, which acts as an antiseptic. Put coal on the coal. If necessary, put the coil on the stick to crush the ground.

Next, armed with a spoon and fork, plant the plants. Spoon a dredge into the ground, use a fork to lower the plant into a container and plant. Land around again. Then all the selected plants are planted. After that, decorate your garden in a bottle.

It remains only to pour it. There should be very little water. It is enough to wash the glass a little and wet the surface. Leave the container to rest for a while.

If the garden is closed with a lid, please note that the container can fog up immediately. Keep the lid open until the condensation disappears. After that, close tightly, because again it will have to open not soon. In a closed capacity, the garden will grow remarkably without outside help.

Plants for a garden in a bottle

Remember, more than 3-4 plants are not planted in a garden in a bottle. The list of plants grown in terrariums or bottles is quite limited. You cannot plant fast growing plants here. Flowering plants can be used, but it is difficult to remove faded flowers. To leave them too is impossible, decomposing, they become a source of various diseases.

We recommend only planting plants with a small root system or without them.

For a garden in a bottle,

  • Ayr is a Variegata of cereals. This evergreen herb is easy to grow with a lack of moisture. The mottled leaves grow up to 25 cm.
  • Royal begonia with small leaves. It grows to 15 cm in height, looks good in the center.
  • The cryptant is bromeliad. It is a beautiful herbaceous plant, steppeless 8 cm tall, with its small white flowers that look very attractive.
  • Dracena Sander. It grows rather slowly up to 30 cm.

  • Ferns. Particularly suitable are adianum Ruddy, xiphoid ptyris, pelella with rounded leaves.
  • Fittonia Versaaffelta it has large olive green leaves with red veins. The silver lily of the Fittonio has silvery white veins on the emerald background. These plants are small, up to 7.5 cm in height.
  • Ivy Little Diamond, Tre Coupe, Spetchley.
  • Maranta is low in protein. It has spotted foliage, creeping stems. Height up to 20 cm.
  • Pellioniya. It has creeping reddish stems. Height 7.5 cm.

  • Transcript In Italian

    Thanks to Laura Bertucci for providing the translation for this episode.

    Jane: Hello everyone and welcome to on the Edge podcast episode 133, I'm your host Jane Perrone And this week we're going to do a plant tour. Yes I know, that's just what you need when you're indoors 24/7, a chance to spy on someone else's plant collection through this extra podcast I'll answer a question about which plant to place in a south window

    Jane: Thank you all for your feedback on everything I am doing at the moment. you seem to really like mid-week episode number two, the one about the chirping of birds, so I've decided that I'll try to do more in the next few episodes because, who doesn't like singing birds? Also, it seems that my Instagram videos about various plants are also very popular. yesterday i showed my Thai Constellation and it seems i liked it very much. In fact I had also recorded a longer version but I had to cut it to make it 10 minutes shorter, and sadly you missed my crazy intro while I was singing. Luckily I had to cut it!

    Thanks to the new patreons, Katie, who became ledge-end, Ian who became Super Fan and Ross who became Crazy Planet person. right now it's great to have extra support from listeners, just when I'm sure a lot of you are tightening your belts. So thank you to all of you and you are continuing to donate and to everyone who is new to the clan. Now you can listen to my interview with Matt Candeias about the Little Joe movie plus an extra episode about the leaves is coming.

    This week I received an email from a listener, and it really impressed me that I would like to read it all of you. It's from a listener named Sally. Sally writes "I am a doctor from the Midwest and right now I am working on the covid 19 front in my hospital. Every day we see and analyze many patients with suspicious symptoms. The tests take a long time to be analyzed. We wear all the equipment. protective, but even that is about to end. Even if we do our best we can contract the virus or, worse still, take it silently with us and infect someone, including our family. We live in fear, even if we change our clothes every time before entering the house. In the moments when I look at your Instagram, videos or listen to your podcast or new episodes of midweek, I forget about the risk and the uncertainty. I remember that the attention towards plants, towards people, towards the pets we love are fundamental to the quality of life and to the world around us. There is hope. You are able to bring all plant lovers together in this time of crisis and, believe me, this is helping us a lot more than you think. " Sally thank you so much for this message. Here's what I replied "first of all I want to thank you for what you are doing professionally. It should inspire everyone. I know I will never be able to do what you are doing. What I do is very easy but , if this can help you and others like you or in your condition, it makes me very happy and encourages me to continue on this path. " So thank you again Sally for sending me this message. It moved me but it also cheered me up at the same time. I hope that there are other people in other situations around the world dealing with covid, who can be helped to relax a little thanks to my podcast.

    Jane: Just before this whole coronavirus thing started I went to Kent for two interviews. We'll be listening to the first one these days and it's an interview with a person named Mercy Morris. He has a garden company in the county of Kent. It also sells houseplants and offers advice, and specializes in Tillandsia. She is also noteworthy because she was the first to open her home to visits by the National Garden Scheme. If you have never heard of it This is an organization that coordinates garden visits across England and the proceeds are donated to various charities. It is a wonderful organization and gives you the opportunity to visit some fantastic gardens in England and Wales. There is also the Scottish version of this organization, however I will put in the notes the links to both the English and the Scottish organizations, because if you can try to take a look at their "yellow book", which is a guide to all these gardens, it is a wonderful resource. You can also look online if you live in England or are passing through. Obviously this year the entrances were canceled due to the emergency, including Mercy's plan to open his house. So it's even nicer that she brings you this interview about her collection since you won't be able to visit her anyway. In the notes of the episode you will also find many images of his collection of plants.

    Mercy just became an official collector of chlorophytum comosum, our famous Spider Plant, and it was great to see her amazing collection of plants. Come with me on this journey to the Plant Paradise.

    Jane: Let's start by saying goodbye to Mercy Morris! We are here in your hall or in your back, I honestly don't know how to describe this room! You haven't been able to do the first tour of your house yet to organize the Gardens so I feel very honored to be the first ever to do this tour. It's great that NGS has included you on their tours, which take place exclusively by appointment and in the gardens. How did it happen?

    Mercy: last year while I was at someone's for an open day, selling plants, I met one of the ngs guys who said "why don't you open to tours too?" I initially thought it was a stupid idea. I have such a small house! Then I started thinking about it and thinking about it again I said to myself "It could be fun! Finally to indoor plants. They will be happy because they will become almost as important as garden plants!"

    Jane: God forbid for heaven's sake!

    Mercy: I got back to them to tell them I wanted to. They told me if I was crazy by chance but they didn't tell me I couldn't do it, so here we are

    Jane: Yes here we are and you have an amazing collection. We just learned that you have become the official national collector of chlorophytum

    Mercy:Chlorophytum comosum cultivars

    Jane: Great. You're very good at pronouncing it

    Jane: There are a lot of huge leaves here. Should we start with any of these?

    Mercy: Can I take you to the beginning of everything?

    Jane: Of course you can. It is a beautiful monstera a fantastic species

    Mercy: This is Austin Morris and it was the first plant I ever had, and it survived. My mother loved plants and during my childhood she always tried to make me love them. It didn't work, and as a student, I left home and killed tons of plants. This is the only one that survived, and is now 33 years old!

    Mercy: I bought it from Marx and Spencer. It is so small because I have continually taken it out of the pot, made cuttings and put it back in the pot, which is why it is so small and shiny.

    Jane: Yes it is very compact. I think this is great advice because a lot of people get to the point where monsters get out of control, people are very afraid to cut them. But your plant proves that it works brilliantly because it has beautiful windowed leaves, very mature but is of a reasonable size. I also have to do it with my monstera when it gets to this dimension because it is actually the only way to keep it under control. I love the black label you have on the plant, Leicester M&S, 1987! Is beautiful

    Mercy: Yes, in fact we have also moved many times. Sometimes I even took her by train. The last time we moved, I had to call a friend to put it in the car because it's very heavy now.

    Jane: I guess it's also very challenging to repot. She's a great plant and you managed to keep her in great shape. She's very, very healthy. I guess there is always someone asking you for a cutting right? You have one there too.

    Mercy: yes that is the last cutting I made but in April I have to give it away so if you want to see it in all its glory you have to come and see me soon!

    Jane: So people can contact you, make an appointment and come and visit you and see your collection here at Herne Bay in Kent. Do you expect to be so successful with this tour?

    Jane: Yes, in fact I think this tour will be very successful because it is the first time that ngs also opens to house plants, in addition to gardens, but I imagine that only over time will we be able to tell how it will really go.

    Mercy: Exactly, I think many of the devoted visitors to the gardens will be a little hesitant to come and visit me, because they are used to visiting hedges and gardens, bushes, certainly not houseplants. Perhaps younger people who love houseplants will be more convinced.

    Jane: Okay, but tell me about this gorgeous ladder with some of your chlorophytum comosum. It's a great idea for displaying plants. I can never find these wooden stairs even though I always look in old stuff shops. But maybe it's not in stores, you have to look for it in your grandfather's garage

    Mercy: This was pure luck. all the ones I had seen cost between 30 and 60 pounds. I found this at 5

    Jane: what a deal! So, you have a lot of chlorophytum comosum. How many cultivars are there in your national collection?

    Mercy: I think 18, even less, because some are identical plants even if with different cultivar names.

    Jane: What made you choose chlorophytum comosum as the subject for a National collection? It is not a very massive and bulky plant, it is not very showy

    Mercy: Yes, indeed, that's one of the reasons. It is a very compact collection, in fact it can also be kept in a small house. Also I think they are very underestimated as houseplants. They are very robust, they are the easiest plants to propagate, it can be said that they propagate themselves while you sit and watch them. I believe the world needs to see them for the beauty they are.

    Jane: What is your favorite cultivar?

    Mercy i: Right now my favorite is Hawaiian Spider, it's really cool isn't it? It is more lemon green with green stripes

    Jane: Yes you are very nice right

    Mercy: Even the little buds are very clear, now my favorite

    Jane: Was it easy to collect them all? We always think chlorophytums are very common, but in my opinion some of these cultivars are harder to find right?

    Mercy: yes some I found from another collector. A very generous gentleman named John Circuit who let me pick up some of the rarest cultivars he has kept in his collection for years. Beyond that I always do the usual thing of looking on eBay.

    Jane: Yes indeed the Internet is a great source for finding plants. I turned around and suddenly saw another huge plant on the other side. Is it one or two ficus? Tell me about it. I'm not even sure what araceae it is

    Mercy: is a Philodendron. he has a name that bothers me a lot, philodendron Green Beauty, which doesn't actually tell you anything about him except that he's big and green. I couldn't go through its entire history to figure out which species it comes from, it just appeared on the market recently and one of my friends said to me: "Mercy, you must have it" so I bought it.

    Jane: It always happens like this doesn't it? you also have these beautiful Ficus. I often get angry with ficus because they don't grow very well to me but your two are beautiful and very healthy. Are they difficult to follow or do you feel comfortable with?

    Mercy: they are over twenty!

    Jane: Wow, did you buy ficus before anyone else?

    Mercy: Yes I was very lucky to find them at a florist in Eastbourne when I was living there. I have shortened them too because otherwise they would have reached the ceiling and folded. So I cut them out. The one on the right with the smaller leaves was cut last year and the other two years ago. Even with them you can make cuttings very easily

    Jane: You have a great living room. Very green full of leaves. You also have a lot of shelves with a lot of plants, even some small Spider Plants. And are those bromeliads?

    Mercy: yes I'm earthstar, right now I'm spreading them

    Jane: Look how fantastic!

    Mercy: They stay in those little coconut pots. I find it really difficult to root them because they tend to live a long time without taking root, and without roots, however, it takes a couple of years to die. That's another spider plant that came from Weasley, I really like it with the subtle variegations. Then there are many philodendrons and another monstera

    Jane: that's an adansoni.

    Mercy: yes, and that a philodendron brazil.

    Mercy: There is always something hiding under other plants

    Jane: Sure why not? you also have some Zamioculcas (ZZ Plants)

    Mercy: Yes and maybe even a dead dieffenbachia but I'm not sure. In fact, I'm keeping her hidden until I decide if she's alive or dead

    Jane: There's always something that has problems during the winter, that's how it is. Now we move to the kitchen and I see you have more bromeliads. What else did you tell me?

    Mercy: the kitchen has a very dark window, faces north-east, but there is another building about a meter from the window. In fact, it does not receive direct light. The only light that is good for that unpronounceable thing that I always call "a type of calathea", but instead it is a Pleiostachya pruinosa.

    Mercy: Many people call it The Wheat Blossom Plant

    Jane: Yeah, it's really new to me

    Mercy: I think many people call it the wheat flower plant because it has absolutely dull flowers

    Jane: It seems to be part of the Maranta group

    Mercy: Yes, indeed. It is also a very easy plant but the flowers are not at all showy. This is a Bromeliad rescued from Homebase.

    Jane: Are you a plant savior? Orphans and foundlings?

    Mercy: I go through stages where I do this, then I stop because I realize I have too many plants saved, but that was a positive save. That place is the only one the little one likes philodendron

    Jane: They are a bit temperamental, aren't they?

    Jane: Mine has become very sparse at the top. So I started cutting stems, propagating them and then putting them back in the pot, otherwise I can't get a thick look.

    Mercy: In fact, that's why when you buy them from the nursery in the pot there are so many small cuttings, but I don't remember the name

    Mercy: That's the only place where it grows well

    Jane: You just have to adapt and know that he behaves like that, otherwise you won't have an easy time. We've now moved into this room, I assume it's your office

    Mercy: Yeah, there's a little bit of everything here. This is a succulent I recently got. I don't know if you mean more than me, it seems to me that it has more than one name,

    Jane: I think I saw one in a Bob Potter greenhouse, I recorded an episode with him. It had many plants similar to this one, it has different names. some call it the pencil cactus because of its shape. Do you think it is not growing well?

    Mercy: No no, it's fine, I just ended up buying one stem

    Jane: the length of a pencil

    Mercy: Yeah, and then it started or got bigger

    Jane: In fact I remember that Bob built some kind of scaffolding, so I think that's okay

    Mercy: Yes, in fact he seems happy

    Jane: A gorgeous Hoya, variegated Carnosa, looks very good. Like you, too, I'm growing it on a trellis, I prefer to make it grow in height otherwise I will entangle my hair. You have a beautiful arrangement here, with this U-shaped bamboo with a small trellis inside, it works very well

    Mercy: Yes, I find it much easier to handle with bamboo rods

    Jane: I am very envious of this begonia lamp. The only begonia I can grow is there Erythrophylla, Of these I have had a couple but they have always died from mold.

    Jane: Yes. I don't know why. Yours is a beautiful specimen of about one meter.

    Mercy: in fact I have to prune it

    Jane: It's coming to the ceiling, it's a little heavy on top.

    Jane: Do you have any suggestions for making it grow well?

    Mercy: I don't know, I give it very little water, like all my plants after all. I am not capable of cultivating there at all Begonia rex. I love it but I killed a lot of them.

    Jane: Me neither. People who have them just say that they are very easy and they are surprised that you can't, so you buy another one. At the moment I have one that gave me a listener, June, and at the moment she is fine. Who knows maybe it will be the turning point. I totally ignored it, maybe that's the secret

    Mercy: This is the only begonia that grows well for me, maybe it doesn't have enough light, in fact it doesn't bloom very often, but when it blooms it gets a lot of dirt.

    Jane: Even when mine is in bloom, I have to stay with a dustpan and brush every day to clean everything around it, in fact this is a bit of the negative side of flowering begonias.

    Mercy: There are others there Chlorophytum comosum, also cuttings.

    Jane: Are you also selling your plants to her?

    Mercy: Yes, in the local markets, Whitstable and Canterbury, directly to customers. Both indoor and air plants. I sell very simple specimens, which people can enjoy without much care, because I think too many plants are killed every day.

    Jane: Well, you want to make life easier. Does this seem like a lively sector to you?

    Mercy: Yeah, it's not bad at all. I sell mainly to young people, great. A lot of people come back to tell me how their plants are, that after six months of buying them they are still alive, and so on. I find it very nice.

    Jane: Yes, it's gorgeous. I am happy that this trend of indoor plants continues.

    Mercy: Yes indeed. I give a lot of lectures for botany societies, which have a higher age target. They are all people who are not active on social media, and they find it really strange that there are so many young people

    Jane: I've also given a lot of lectures in my area, in Bedfordshire, and the age is actually high. When I talk about a fashion plant at a given moment they answer me, but I have had it for years. Yes I know, but maybe you are not on those social platforms that are now in fashion. They have a lot of experience but they don't realize it.

    Mercy: Credo ci siano proprio due gruppi distinti e nessuno sa dell'esistenza dell'altro.

    Jane: Dovremmo riuscire a farli incontrare. Dovremmo pensare come unire i giovani che hanno tanto entusiasmo con i più anziani che hanno tanta esperienza. Proviamo a pensarci. Ma guardiamo ad altri Cholophytum. è bellissimo questo attaccapanni, è un porta cappelli?

    Mercy: Sì, è di bamboo, l'ho preso da un grande negozio online.

    Jane: Se è Ikea puoi dirlo, non siamo alla BBC.

    Mercy: No, è Amazon, e mi è stato utilissimo per le piante.

    Jane: Anche questo macramé è bellissimo. Lo chiami anche tu macramé?

    Jane: Adoro quei colori neon, e piacerebbero molto anche a mio marito perché sono quelli della sua squadra di football, arancione e blu. Quindi potrei copiare l'idea così magari gli andrebbe giù che prendo altre piante. È un'idea meravigliosa per sistemare le piante senza occupare molto spazio.

    Mercy: Sì, piace anche a me e poi così è semplice raggiungerle. Questo è infatti un problema quando inizi ad avere troppe piante, cioè arrivare ad innaffiarle tutte.

    Jane: Non so tu, ma io non ho tutta la giornata a disposizione per dare acqua, quindi devo organizzarmi

    Mercy: Innaffiare le piante è molto difficile, e ogni volta trovo scuse per non farlo.

    Jane: Infatti, ed è più facile averle tutte ad altezza d'occhio così posso vedere come stanno. Con le piante appese in alto possono crearsi dei problemi di cui non mi accorgo in tempo. Se invece sono in basso, riesci ad accorgerti se hanno dei parassiti.

    Mercy: E spesso le piante che sono più in alto rischiano di essere innaffiate eccessivamente perché non ti rendi conto del loro aspetto.

    Jane: Sì, o troppa acqua o troppo poca, a volte entrambe le cose.

    Mercy: Questa è una nuova acquisizione, credo che il colore sia splendido. Quasi nero

    Jane: La Zamioculcas Raven, molti impazziscono per questa pianta. Io ancora non ce l'ho. Quello che adoro di questa pianta è come le nuove crescite siano verdi chiaro per poi maturare quasi nera. In America era difficile trovarla, ma ora sembra più accessibile.

    Mercy: Strano, normalmente gli americani hanno le cose prima di noi

    Mercy: La sansevieria sta qui, sta molto bene

    Jane: Un classico, vedo molte piante da "camera da letto"

    Mercy: Sta bene ma non fa assolutamente niente. Ha avuto scarsissima luce per due anni, ma avrà presto un po' di sollievo perché è destinata a qualcuno, dove avrà più luce. Idem per quelle tre Yucca che sono là da troppo tempo. Mi piace scambiare piante, per dar loro un po' più di luce e farle stare meglio. Quello è il mio grande Philodendron, che ho potato

    Mercy: L'ho trovato scontato e non ho resistito. Abbiamo fatto una fatica tremenda per farlo stare in macchina.

    Mercy: Adesso sono più tranquilla. Quest'inverno era rimasto solo con una foglia e pensavo fosse a causa della poca luce. MA finalmente quella foglia si è aperta la settimana scorsa e questa si apre oggi. Quindi sta meglio

    Jane: Immagino abbia delle radici molto ben assestate e anche tante radici aeree. È il bipinnatifidum? Non riesco a capire, avrai un sacco di problemi a tenerlo di una taglia decente quando diventa molto grande.

    Jane: sta crescendo da una parte centrale. Come farai quando diventerà molto più grande e fuori controllo? Non voglio farti preoccupare ma forse arriverà il momento in cui dovrai spostarlo.

    Mercy: Mi piacerebbe farlo scendere sul letto.

    Mercy: Pensavo che se diventa troppo grande potrei tagliarlo al di sotto della radice aerea più in alto. Le radici aeree mi affascinano. Sembra che debbano sempre cercare qualcosa, si infilano sotto i mobili. Per un po' è stato in soggiorno e alcune radici sono andate sotto al divano per vedere se ci fosse qualcosa di interessante.

    Jane: Ho già sentito questi racconti sulle aracee. Le radici aeree vanno sempre in esplorazione, che è quello che sono programmate a fare. Non è una cosa negativa

    Mercy: Infatti. Vediamo cos'altro ho qua. Ecco la pianta del momento la Mosntera Variegata, che odio dirlo, ma ho avuto gratis come talea.

    Jane: Non preoccuparti, anche io ne ho avuto una gratis quindi non sono invidiosa. È una bella pianta, anche se mi ha un po' annoiata.

    Mercy: Non mi piace tanto quanto quella normale, ma in generale a me non piacciono molto le piante variegate perché mancano di lucentezza.

    Jane: Devi farla crescere tanto da farne tante piccole talee da vendere.

    Mercy: Dopo posso andarmene in pensione!

    Jane: Per quel momento forse il prezzo sarà sceso un po', perché adesso son piuttosto care.

    Jane: Poi vedo la pianta per eccellenza precedente la Monstera variegata, la Pilea peperomioides, che è molto generosa con i suoi germogli

    Mercy: È una pianta perfetta da propagare come il chloroptytum. Devi solo sederti ad aspettare. Qui ho altri chlorophytum. Questo l'ho preso una decina di anni fa.

    Mercy: Sono andata in un negozio di pesca con una persona e l'ho visto, e ho pensato che mi sarebbe piaciuta.

    Jane: Io ne ho tre in un vaso molto grande. L'altro giorno mio figlio mi ha avvisata che il vaso era diventato completamente verde. Dovrò lavarlo perché è pieno di alghe. D'altronde loro sono proprio alghe, no?

    Jane: Credo che anche lì ci siano molte alghe che non le fanno vedere bene. Sono in assoluto le piante che richiedono meno cura di tutte.

    Jane: Ho capito di essere arrivata a casa tua perché anche il tuo portico è pieno di scaffali con bellissime piante. Hai tantissime piante grasse e succulente. Non so proprio da dove cominciare, qual è la tua preferita?

    Mercy: Una delle mie preferite è la Haworthia.

    Jane: La Truncata. Molto bella.

    Mercy: Sono affascinata da questa specie di piccole finestre

    Jane: Sì sono proprio forti

    Mercy: Anche lì ce n'è un'altra con delle piccole finestre. Mi piace proprio il concetto

    Jane: E questa cos'è? È splendida ma non la riconosco.

    Mercy: È una piccola Crassula.

    Mercy: Come vedi avrebbe bisogno di più luce, perché sta crescendo tutta in un'unica direzione, ma a parte questo è una pianta che si comporta molto bene.

    Jane: Crassula atropurpurea var Anomala. La adoro! Adoro i fiori, è fantastica

    Mercy: Sono sicura che un pezzettino con le radici potrebbe staccarsi prima che tu te ne vada, guarda quante ce ne sono di radici

    Mercy: Stanno dicendo: "Jane, Jane, Jane, mettimi in borsa!"

    Jane: Penso che questo portico sia fantastico, Non troppo caldo in estate e in inverno non gela, perfetto per tutte queste piante grasse e succulente. Non è tropo freddo in inverno?

    Mercy: Sì, si mantiene giusto sopra lo zero. L'estate scorsa siamo arrivato a 40 ma mai caldo come in serra. Loro stanno benissimo qui, e fioriscono anche molto spesso. L'unico problema è cosa veramente può sopravvivere qui, perché potrei metterci molte più piante.

    Jane: Quando vai ai mercati ti capita mai di pensare che non riesci a separarti da una pianta? O vendi solo quelle di cui hai vari esemplari?

    Mercy: Mi capita tre o quattro volte l'anno di pensare che non avrei dovto vendere una pianta ad una persona, perchè non mi ispirava fiducia. Vorrei far loro un coloquio preliminare. .

    Jane: Ti dovrebbero dare un CV, fare un colloquio e darti tutte le loro informaizoni perchè è effetivamente molto triste dare una pianta chea ami a qualcuno che la ucciderà in breve tempo.

    Mercy: POi invece ci sono volte in cui mi dico di aver dato la pianta perfetta ad una persona. Una ragazza ha visto una Monstera 6 o 7 mesi fa, e il suo volto si è illuminato, come se avesse incontrato un vecchio parente che non vedeva da tempo. Ed è allora che pensi "Il mio compito su questo pianeta è assolto. Ho reso qualcuno felice vendendogli una pianta".

    Jane: Questo deve rendere tutto appagante. Qui hai una collezione vastissima, ci sono piante che non riesco ad identificare.

    Mercy: Quei lunghi bastoncini sono Pelargoniums.

    Jane: Davvero? Guardando le foglie si riconoscono, ma sono così poco tipici

    Mercy: Pelargonium tetragonum, in estate fa dei grandi fiori bianchi e rosa spettacolari.

    Mercy: Cos'altro abbiamo qui? ci sono molte Haworthias. Un altro Pelargonium. HO anche un paio di Pelargoniums succulenti, polycephalum e credo che quello sia laxum. Quello invece, che sembra una piccola Aloe è una Bromelia, col nome più lungo al mondo

    Mercy: D. Deuterocohnia lorentziana.

    Jane: Non ci rendono la vita facile, vero?

    Mercy: No! Quella ha dei minuscoli fiori verde limone, è una pianta affascinante, ho anche una Opuntia viola, anche dei germogli di fichi d'india

    Jane: Davvero? Hai fatto germinare i semi?

    Jane: Stupendo! sta per iniziare la nostra serie annuale Sowalong (seminiamo insieme) dove incoraggio le persone a seminare e crescere le proprie verdure. È bello vedere che lo fai anche tu. La cosa bella di piante grasse e succulente è che hai tutto il tempo che vuoi per seminarle e vederle crescere.

    Mercy: Anche tu hai fatto queste cose per molti anni?

    Mercy: Questa Aloe Melanocarpa è stata seminata. Ci sono un po' di altre piante qui, Hechtias che è una Bromelia dell'America centrale con le spine, e non so cosa sia quella pianta che ho trovato da LIDL

    Jane: NE ho visto anche io ma non ricordo il nome. E' strano come improvvisamente si può trovare ovunque un pianta, magari che non è neanche mai chiarita o descritta nei libri. Mi piace anche quella tua "String of bananas"?

    Mercy: Mi sembra sia Senecio radicans o simile

    Mercy: E ha delle radici molto interessanti

    Jane: Funziona proprio così. Molte di queste piante cercano semplicemente un po' di terra, basta metterle anche in altri vasi che radicano subito.

    Mercy:Infatti succede che qualcosa radichi in vasi di altre piante. Quello è un cactus molto particolare Leuchtenbergia. Sembra un Aloe.

    Jane: Ha delle spine strane alla fine delle foglie mutate

    Mercy: Sì, sono proprio delle foglie mutate. Era di mia mamma, quindi deve avere 30 o 35 anni, anche se non è molto grande.

    Jane: Molte di queste piante sono a crescita lenta, il che non guasta.

    Jane: In questo modo puoi tranquillamente tenerti la tua collezione senza dover dare via piante per mancanza di spazio. Immagino che passi qua tanto tempo ad armeggiare con tutte queste piante.

    Mercy: Questo è il mio spazio. Vengo qui con scopa, paletta e forbici e le sistemo e giro spesso.

    Jane: Anche chi passa di qua può beneficiare di questa vista

    Mercy: Sì, penso che dicano ci risiamo con quella pazza signora delle piante.

    Jane: Conosciamo bene quello sguardo noi. Gente che passa e dice "Cosa succede là dentro, cosa sono quelle luci blu?"

    Mercy: Mi hanno fatto questa domanda

    Jane: infatti nella parte davanti della casa ho una luce bianca, proprio per evitare queste domande

    Mercy: Sì, se non hai ragazzini che vanno e vengono da casa

    Jane: Spero! Comunque è una collezione bellissima, sono sicura che avrai un ottimo riscontro con il primo tour del NGS. Ricordami il nome del primo gruppo?

    Mercy: The Crab and Winkle WI, da Whitstable.

    Jane: Gli piacerà sicuramente, servirai loro anche tè e dolci o si porteranno le loro cose?

    Mercy: Fornirò io anche la merenda.

    Jane: Ottima idea. Spero vada tutto bene e ti ringrazio ancora per avermi mostrato la tua stupenda collezione

    Jane: Spero proprio che questo tour vi sia piaciuto. Purtroppo al momento non si potrà andare a vedere la collezione di Mercy Morris, ma se avete voglia, date un'occhiata alle note e vi potrete immergere in foto stupende delle sue foto e troverete anche i dettagli della sua pagina sul sito NGS e il suo sito personale home-plants.com. Ringrazio molto Mercy per avermi permesso di sbirciare la sua collezione e per avermi regalato la talea di Crassulae una pianta aerea. A proprosito, per gli iscritti Patreon ci sarà un episodio extra in cui MErcy ci parlerà della sua collezione di Tillandsia.

    È arrivato il momento per la domanda della settimana, che ci arriva da Elizabeth, in cerca dii consigli su piante che vanno bene esposte a sud senza rischiare di bruciarle in estate. Le succulente possono andare bene? Elizabeth è una novizia nel mondo delle piante. È una buona domanda, perché ci sono tantissime piante che starebbero bene esposte a sud, ma devi sceglierle con molta cura. Qualsiasi pianta abituata a vivere in una zona con poca luce, si brucerà al sole diretto, persino cactus e succulente. Anche quelle più tolleranti ai raggi solari. Questo è un consiglio valido per tutti perché in questo periodo molti di noi stanno spostando fuori le piante, ed è adesso che si rischia di più. È successo anche a me perciò, o le spostate gradualmente verso un posto luminoso, o dovrete proteggerle.

    Per la maggior parte dei cactus, un davanzale a sud va più che bene. In un mio video di questa settimana su Instagram, ho parlato di Euphorbia trigona, African Milk Bush. Questa è una pianta che si trova benissimo in una veranda super calda e super illuminata. È una succulenta, non un cactus. Ricordiamoci che tutti i cactus sono succulente ma non viceversa. Agave, anche, va benissimo al sole, o Crassula ovata, se poi hai quella variegata, Hummel's Sunset, quando la metti al sole le striature diventano rosse e gialle. Anche Aloe sta di solito bene, tra cui Aloe Vera. C'è anche Aloe hercules che però è gigante, quindi non va bene per un davanzale ma per una veranda. Aloe Aristata, veramente indistruttibile, sta bene al sole ma anche all'ombra e con temperature molto basse. Questi sono alcuni consigli per il tuo davanzale soleggiato. Se hai dubbi scegli un cactus o una succulenta, ma non HaworthiaGasteria che preferiscono stare più in ombra. Mi sono dimenticata dei Lithop, dette piante sasso, stanno benissimo al caldo e sole, e sono fantastici se hai un posto piccolo, su un davanzale appunto. Spero di averti aiutato. Se avete altre domande scrivetemi a [email protected]

    Se ancora non ho risposto alle vostre domande non preoccupatevi, lo farò presto. Se per un po' non mi sentite mandatemi un promemoria perché al momento tutta la comunicazione è digitale, come ben sapete, e qualcosa può sfuggire.

    Per questa settimana è tutto, spero vi sia piaciuto l'episodio e il tour e ci risentiamo il prossimo venerdì. Se va tutto bene, cerco di fare anche un episodio a metà settimana. Spero stiate tutti bene e che questo podcast vi dia un momento di tranquillità da tutti i problemi del momento. Vi mando le mie vibrazioni botaniche! [music]

    Jane: La musica di questo episodio Roll Jordan Roll di The Joy Drops, I Snost, I Lost by Doctor Turtle e Whistle by Benjamin Banger.


    European Hotel Design Awards 2016 Finalists Announced

    Following a preliminary round of voting, the finalists for the European Hotel Design Awards 2016 have been announced. Ranging from a newbuild resort designed in the style of an authentic Mallorcan village, to the conversion of five canal houses to create a neighbourhood hub in Amsterdam, the shortlist showcases creativity and innovation across the European hotel sector. Now in their 19th year, the awards honour the work of industry leading architects and designers and the projects they create with hotel developers, owners and operators. The finalists are:

    Architecture: Adaptive Re-Use

    • Apfelhotel Torgglerhof, Saltaus – noa*
    • Coco-Mat Hotel, Athens – Elastic Architects
    • Devonshire Club, London – SUSD
    • JW Marriott Resort & Spa, Venice – Matteo Thun & Partners
    • La Maison Hotel, Saarlouis – CBAG Studio
    • Zoku, Amsterdam – Concrete & Mulderblauw Architecten

    Architecture: Newbuild

    • Cloud.7, Istanbul – 4A Yapi
    • Hilton Amsterdam Airport Schiphol – Mecanoo Architecten
    • Hilton London Bankside – Dexter Moren Associates
    • Moxy, Munich Airport – CLP Architects
    • Park Hyatt, Mallorca – DSA Architects
    • Pino Nature Hotel, Sarajevo – Studio ZEC

    Architecture: Restoration & Renovation

    • Grace Santorini – Divercity
    • Marktgasse Hotel, Zurich – Miller Maranta Basel
    • Radisson Red, Brussels – DDS & Partners
    • The Hoxton, Amsterdam – Kentie & Partners Architekten
    • The Royal York Hotel, York – 3D Reid
    • Vila Monte Farm House, Algarve – Vera Iachia Atelier

    Interior Design: Bar

    • Boilerman Bar at 25hours Altes Hafenamt, Hamburg – Dreimeta
    • Mandarin Bar at Mandarin Oriental, Milan – Antonio Citterio Patricia Viel and Partners
    • Ruby Marie Bar at Ruby Marie Hotel, Vienna – Ruby Hotels & Resorts
    • Tapas Bar at Park Hyatt, Mallorca – G.A Design
    • The Distillery at Hilton London Bankside – Dexter Moren Associates and Twenty2Degrees • The Library Bar at The Lanesborough, London – Alberto Pinto Interior Design

    Interior Design: Bedroom & Bathroom

    • 25hours Altes Hafenamt, Hamburg – Dreimeta
    • Grace Santorini – Fifth Element Interiors
    • La Granja, Ibiza – Dreimeta
    • Soho Farmhouse, Oxfordshire – Soho House & Co
    • The Hoxton, Amsterdam – Nicemakers
    • Zoku, Amsterdam – Concrete

    Interior Design: Event Spaces

    • Hilton London Bankside – Dexter Moren Associates and Twenty2Degrees
    • Hilton London Heathrow Airport – The Gallery HBA
    • Marriott Heathrow Conference, Banquet & Event Spaces at London Heathrow Marriott Hotel – EPR Architects
    • The Arora Ballroom & Conference Centre at InterContinental, London – The O2 – G1 Architecture
    • The Belgravia at The Lanesborough, London – Alberto Pinto Interior Design
    • The Cedar Suite at The Grove, Hertfordshire – Martin Hulbert Design

    Interior Design: Lobby, Lounge & Public Areas

    • Hotel Atlantis by Giardino, Zurich – The Gallery HBA
    • Generator, Amsterdam – DesignAgency
    • Radisson Red, Brussels – Graven
    • Schlosshotel Fleesensee – Kitzig Interior Design
    • The Royal York Hotel, York – Goddard Littlefair
    • Zoku, Amsterdam – Concrete

    Interior Design: Restaurant

    • Kollazs Brasserie & Bar at Four Seasons Hotel Gresham Palace, Budapest – EDG
    • La Granja, Ibiza – Dreimeta
    • Neni Restaurant at 25hours Altes Hafenamt, Hamburg – Dreimeta
    • Oxbo at Hilton London Bankside – Dexter Moren Associates and Twenty2Degrees
    • Santoro at Grace Santorini – Fifth Element Interiors and SMK Interiors
    • The Terrace at Rosewood London – Nathalie De Leval and Luciano Giubbilei

    Interior Design: Spa & Wellness

    • Apfelhotel Torgglerhof, Saltaus – noa*
    • Cowshed at Soho Farmhouse, Oxfordshire – Soho House & Co.
    • Goco Spa at JW Marriott Resort & Spa, Venice – Matteo Thun & Partners
    • Six Senses Douro Valley, Lamego – Clodagh Design
    • Spa Village at The Gainsborough Bath Spa – Champalimaud Design
    • The Spa at Mandarin Oriental, Milan – Antonio Citterio Patricia Viel and Partners

    Interior Design: Suite

    • La Maisonette at JW Marriott Resort & Spa, Venice – Matteo Thun & Partners
    • Milano Suite at Mandarin Oriental Milan – Antonio Citterio Patricia Viel and Partners
    • The Presidential Suite at DoubleTree by Hilton Hotel & Spa, Liverpool – Falconer Chester Hall
    • The Royal Suite at The Lanesborough, London – Alberto Pinto Interior Design
    • The Space Suite at Kameha Grand Zurich – Studio Michael Najjar
    • The Sterling Suite at The Langham, London – Richmond International

    The finalists will now proceed to the next stage of the competition, in which a member of the judging panel will visit each hotel to assess its creative excellence. Judges will also be looking for evidence that winning projects have met the needs of both the client and the guest.

    The 15-strong judging panel – chaired by Celia Geyer, Senior Director, Architecture & Design EMEA, Hilton Worldwide – will then meet in London to vote on the category winners, as well as the prestigious European Hotel Design of the Year.

    The winners will be announced at the European Hotel Design Award ceremony, taking place on Monday 21 November at Park Plaza Westminster Bridge, London.


    Marasmus

    Marasmus is one component of protein-energy malnutrition (PEM), the other being kwashiorkor . It is a severe form of malnutrition caused by inadequate intake of protein and calories , and it usually occurs in the first year of life, resulting in wasting and growth retardation. Marasmus accounts for a large burden on global health. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that deaths attributable to marasmus approach 50 percent of the more than ten million deaths of children under age five with PEM.

    The major factors that cause a deficit of caloric and protein intake include the following: the transition from breastfeeding to nutrition-poor foods in infancy, acute infections of the gastrointestinal tract, and chronic infections such as HIV or tuberculosis . The imbalance between decreased energy intake and increased energy demands result in a negative energy balance.

    The physiologic response to a negative energy balance is to reduce energy consumption. Children who suffer from marasmus display decreased activity, lethargy, behavioral changes, slowed growth, and weight loss. The subsequent effects on the body are wasting and a loss of subcutaneous fat and muscle, resulting in growth retardation. The majority of children who suffer from marasmus never return to age-appropriate growth standards.

    The cornerstone of therapy for marasmus is to supply the body with the necessary nutritional requirements . The nutritional needs of children in the rehabilitation stage require at least 150 kilocalories per kilogram per day. Dehydration must be addressed with oral rehydration therapy, while micronutrient deficiencies, such as vitamin A deficiency, require supplementation. Immunizations must be reviewed and given as necessary to reduce the burden of infectious diseases on children's bodies. Finally, family education must be ongoing to improve behavioral responses to such conditions. Some ready-to-use formulas and foods have also been developed. Such a broad approach must be taken to help reduce the morbidity and mortality caused by this condition.

    see also Calorie Infant Mortality Rate Kwashiorkor Malnutrition Protein.

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