Separating And Repotting Yucca Offshoot Pups

By: Heather Rhoades

Yucca plants are a popular plant to grow as both an indoor houseplant and an outdoor garden plant. This is with good reason as yucca plants are hardy and tolerant of a wide variety of conditions. Yucca is a word that is used to describe a wide variety of species in the yucca family. While yucca owners may have different varieties of yucca, one thing will be consistent and that is how to best propagate the yucca.

Separating and Repotting Yucca Offshoot Pups

While yuccas do produce seeds, they are normally propagated through the division of offshoots or “pups”. Yucca pups are the small but fully formed plants that grow at the base of your yucca plant. These pups can be removed in order to produce new, self contained plants.

These pups do not need to be removed from the parent plant, but, if the pups are not removed from the parent plant, they will eventually grow up on their own where they are and you will have a clump of yucca.

If you do decide to remove the pups, the first thing you will need to do is wait until the pup is mature enough to survive without the parent. This is very simple to determine. If the pup is pale and whitish, it is still too young to remove from the parent. But if the pup is green, it has the chlorophyll manufacturing capacity needed to live on its own.

The timing of when you will be repotting your yucca pups is important as well. Yucca pups should be repotted in the fall. Repotting the pups in the fall will do the least amount of damage to the parent plant, which will be in a slow growth period in the fall.

To remove the pup from the yucca, remove as much of the dirt from around the base of the pup you wish to transplant. Then take a sharp knife or spade and cut down between the parent plant and the pup. Make sure to take a chunk of the parent plant’s root (which is what the pup will be attached to). This root piece from the parent plant will form the new root system for the pup.

Take the separated pup and replant it where you would like it to grow or place in a pot to use as a houseplant or to give to friends. Water thoroughly and fertilize lightly.

Then you are done. Your yucca offshoot pup should have no trouble establishing itself in its new home and growing into a new and beautiful yucca plant.

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Indoor yucca, advice on caring for it

The specific care that’s needed for a yucca, how and when it should be repotted and watered and diseases that infect it.

List of Yucca facts

NameYucca elephantipes
Type – Shrub, indoor plant

– 5 to 8 feet (1.5 to 2.5 m) indoors
Exposure – Very well-lit
Soil – soil mix

– evergreen

These are the answers to the many questions that can arise when one has the luck of owning a magnificent yucca.

A must-have among the indoor plants, here are our tips to care for it perfectly.

Container Growing for a Yucca Plant

Yucca comes in several varieties. Some grow into trees while others remain small and appropriate for houseplants. When growing a yucca in a container you need to make sure that it is given the proper care so that it will thrive. Fortunately, this is a relatively hardy plant that can survive even the most inexperienced gardeners.

Heavy Pots are Required

When you select the containers for your yucca plants it is important to look for heavy pots. Yucca plants are heavy and require a lot of water. This makes plastic pots a bad idea. It is recommended that you use a heavy metal pot, such as a brass planter or a copper planter. This type of planter will help protect your floors and furniture from water damage and it will also keep your yucca plant’s root system contained and supported.

Soil Requirements

The yucca requires soil that is well drained. This means that a standard potting mix most likely will not be appropriate. The best option is to create your own potting mix that contains one part perlite and one part potting mix. You can also mix in compost to this mixture to create a one part perlite, one part compost and one part potting soil mixture.

Since your yucca plant will be growing in a container it is going to rely on you for its nutrition. Yucca plants need to be fertilized about once a month. Try to add the fertilizer on the same day each month. This will help you to avoid skipping a feeding.

Sun Requirements for the Yucca

A yucca plant needs a lot of sun. To ensure your indoor yucca plants get enough sun you need to position them in a window that gets southern, western or eastern sun exposure. You need to avoid placing your yucca in a north-facing window as this position has the least amount of light exposure.

Water Requirements for the Yucca

The yucca plant drinks a lot of water. This means that you need to water it regularly. If you are afraid of over or under-watering your yucca, use a moisture tester to determine when to water your plant. If you use a moisture tester you will want to add water to the yucca when the reading is at about 25 percent. Another tool that you can use to monitor the moisture level is a hygrometer.

Repotting Your Yucca

Eventually your yucca plant is going to outgrow its pot. When this occurs you will need to repot it. The best time of year to repot your yucca is in the spring when there is plenty of light and moisture available to help the yucca establish itself in its new container. After you repot your yucca, tent the container with glass or plastic to give it a little extra protection during the root establishment process.

How to Care for Yucca Plants Indoors

Originally found growing across the Americas and parts of the Caribbean, the Yucca Plant is accustomed to conditions that are of the drier, more unfertile kind.

Their sword-shaped leaves have a striking appearance and singular trunks of different height are often grouped together for a stylish plant aesthetic that’s bang on trend.

Not only does this plant bring style and lush greenery to a room, but it also does us some good too. The Yucca has been praised for its air purifying, removing toxins from the air and thereby reducing the risk of headaches, fatigue, and illness.

Yucca Plant Soil

Yucca plants don’t need highly fertile soil to thrive, a regular potting soil will do them just fine. The main quality the compost needs to have is that it is well draining. As it’s a drought-tolerant plant, it will not grow well if it’s left sitting for too long in soggy soil.

We recommend choosing a compost like John Innes potting soil and mixing it with 1 part sand and also a few extra pebbles to improve the drainage just that little bit more.

Yucca Plant Light & Location

To choose the perfect location for your Yucca plant, look for an area in the home that is bright, sunny and well-ventilated. Make sure that the light is well filtered even though Yucca elephantipes are technically bright light plant, they can experience burning on their leaves when exposed to direct sunlight.

Place your plant near a south-facing window or west-facing window with light shade. Sheer, net curtains will usually do the trick of filtering out just enough light without making the room too dark.

Turn your plant every week to ensure an even light distribution across the foliage. Without turning, you may notice your Yucca Plant becomes lopsided as it begins to grow towards the main light source. Growth may also become uneven and fuller on one side.

If your plant isn’t getting enough light it will let you know. Leggy, spindly growth is a common symptom of low light conditions. Move your plant to a new location where it can get the right amount of light and it should improve.

Watering your Yucca Plant

Yucca plants are acclimatised to dry, desert-like conditions and can be very sensitive to overwatering. They can go for prolonged periods without water which is excellent news for those of us who forget to water their plants.

You can water more frequently during the growing season (late April- September), however, the general rule of thumb is to let the first couple of inches of compost to dry out between each watering.

From November to March, reduce watering significantly. Once or twice a month is usually sufficient but always be sure to just monitor the soil.

This sensitivity to overwatering means the plant is prone to both root and trunk rot. If left for too long, your Yucca Plant may not be able to be saved.

Signs of Over or Under Watering

The first sign that your Yucca Plant has been overwatered is yellowing or collapsing leaves. Let the soil dry out as much as you can before adding any more. If there are no improvements over the next week you may need to check the roots.

Root rot is another problem commonly associated with the Yucca Plant. Leaving this untreated for too long is fatal to the plant. When you check the roots, they should be pale in colour. If they have started to turn brown or dark in colour then your plant is showing signs of root rot.

The next common issue in Yucca Plants is trunk rot. The plant is able to store plenty of water in its trunk as a survival technique in the wild to avoid dehydration. This means the more water you add to the compost, the more the plant will try and store. If the trunk stays wet for too long it will feel spongy in texture and start to rot.

Make sure you always feel the moisture levels of the soil before watering again. If it feels moist, leave it another couple of days. If there’s one sure way of killing a Yucca Plant, it’s to overwater it.

Yucca Plant Humidity & Temperature

Yucca Plants grow best indoors when they are kept at a constant temperature. Frequent temperature fluctuations will make it difficult for the plant to acclimatise to the location, so choose an area without drafts and central heating..

Humidity wise, the Yucca Plant likes warm, dry conditions with plenty of ventilation, so it isn’t necessary for the leaves to be spritzed like a lot of other indoor plants.

Fertilising your Yucca Plant

Yucca Plants can thrive in relatively low fertile conditions, but, if you want to give your plants that extra little bit of a boost during the growing season, add some feed.

Add a diluted amount of balanced liquid fertiliser to the compost in spring and once again in summer. Follow the instructions on the packet of feed for directions.

Over fertilisation of your Yucca Plant can lead to root burn always follow the instructions on the back of the packet.

Once the growing season is over, avoid adding any fertiliser to the compost as the plant will try to push out new growth at the wrong time of year.

Pruning Yucca Plants

Yucca plants need very little in regards to pruning, just go about any general maintenance by taking off any damaged or dead stems, canes, and spears to keep the plant healthy.

Repotting your Yucca Plant

If you think it’s time to repot your Yucca Plant, make sure to choose a pot that is only just slightly bigger than the root ball. Avoid planting in a pot that’s too big as the plant may find it hard to use all the water in the compost.

Use a general potting soil with a mixture of sand and pebbles for good drainage. Remove the Yucca Plant from its current pot, add compost to the bottom of the new pot, and place the root ball in. Fill in any gaps with the rest of the compost.

Top Tip: Yucca Plants prefer to be slightly rootbound in smaller pots so only repot every few years.

Yucca Plant Propagation

Your Yucca Plants may start to produce little off shoots known as “pups”. These can be cut away from the mother plant and potted up as brand new little plants.

Wait until the pups have turned green and are big enough to survive on their own. Carefully slice them off the main stem with a sharp, sterilised knife and either stand in water until new roots start to appear or plant in compost dipped in rooting hormone.

Carefully slice the pups away from the main stem of the plant and plant up into a new pot. Rooting hormone can be used to make this process quicker and easier.

Extra Yucca Care Tips

Once dust starts to collect on the leaves make sure to wipe them over with a damp cloth to avoid any build-up. This ensures the foliage can breathe easy.

Yucca Toxicity

Yucca Plants can be mildly toxic to pets. If ingested can result in drooling, vomiting, diarrhoea, and dilated pupils in cats.

Check out our range of Pet Friendly Indoor Plants for more information.

Yucca Plants Pests & Problems

Indoor Yucca Plant are generally pest free, however, if you do start to notice any aphids, spider mites, or mealy bugs on the foliage, simply remove them by hand or spray them with a mild soap and water mixture.

Buy a Yucca Plant as a living gift for loved ones or simply to treat yourself. Fill your life and home with greenery and watch as it flourishes over the coming years.

Last summer i bought this yucca tree. It looked normal and healthy (first picture from left). When winter came it was too cold in my apartment and it had not acces to enogh sun light so its leaves started to turn yellow and soft so i removed them directly! As shown in the next picture, it went almost bald with only few leaves left. Then I started to take care of it very well and it started to grow. But as you can see in the pictures, its leaves was not dark green anymore. And they were so thin and not sharp like it supposed to be. The last pic is its current image. It has very very long and wide leaves but hangy, not pointy and sharp. Why is it growing that way?? It doesnt even look like yucca plant anymore.

This is, most likely, a response to a lack of light, fertilizer, and possible overwatering. This will produce the symptoms that you are seeing.

Watch the video: Dracaena Fragrans Propagation in Water and Soil by Cuttings

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