Sprouted grain contains many vitamins and microelements useful for the body. This is not only a pure protein food, but also a good alternative to fresh greens.
If you want a constant source of vitamins, energy and protein at home, sprout seeds that sprout and grow quickly. For this purpose, young sprouts of legumes, pumpkins, sunflowers and cereals are suitable: wheat, rye, oats. They are rich in vitamins E and B, biotin, phosphorus, calcium, zinc. They cleanse the body of toxins, help with vitamin deficiency, improve vision and general well-being.
Germination seeds can be purchased at specialty stores. There they are sold in clean and unprocessed chemicals. This is very important, since the seeds of horticultural crops or cereals that are grown in the fields are often treated with various fungicidal preparations. A product that is useful for the body can only be grown from environmentally friendly material.
First, the seeds are prepared for germination. They must be rinsed in clean warm water and soaked. Lay a thin layer in a growing tray. It can be decomposed in different ways: on damp gauze, just in filtered cool water or even in a sieve. If the seeds float when washing, then they must be removed. This is poor quality material. All damaged and moldy specimens are also removed.
It is very important that the seeds are always moist. A layer of gauze should be moistened with warm water every day. If they are filled with water, then it is changed daily to fresh. In this case, the grains themselves must be washed so that they are not slippery and acidic. After the third change of water, the roots should hatch. After they reach 1-2 mm, you can eat them.
For germination, dishes with seeds are placed in a warm and dark place. If the dishes are on the windowsill, cover them with a lid. In such conditions, the grains will germinate much faster. If you want to grow greens from them, then you need to put them in the light and, after the roots appear, plant them in the ground. Young sprouts need light and warmth.
Sprouted grains have many useful properties, therefore they are used for medicinal, healthy, dietary nutrition. Sprouts of sprouted grains contain proteins, fats and carbohydrates, B vitamins, trace elements P, K, Mn, Mg, Ca, Zn, Cu, Fe, iodine, biotin... Sprouted grains are part of the raw food diet.
As soon as you soak the grains for germination, energy processes begin to activate in them, converting all the nutrients in the grain into an active, easily digestible form. Proteins become amino acids, starch - sugar, fats - fatty acids. The synthesis of vitamins, phytohormones, auxins occurs in grain. As a result, an energetic biostimulating complex appears on the table, a storehouse of health.
However, the germination of grains is a very delicate process, you need to carefully observe the technology of germinating seeds, because if you neglect it, you will receive either a seed that is overgrown or rotten, both are not suitable for consumption.
Vitamins and other phytonutrients are most useful as long as they retain high biological activity, while they are effective even in small doses, if the source of their intake is young seedlings of legumes and cereals. Any sprouted grains within 1-3 days after hatching contain a lot of easily digestible vegetable protein and vitamins, among which the most important are B vitamins, vitamin E and biotin, trace elements: calcium, manganese, zinc, potassium, phosphorus. Sprouts perfectly cleanse the body of toxins, remove excess fluid, reduce the level of "bad" cholesterol, fight vitamin deficiency and chronic fatigue. In addition, they help improve vision and help in the prevention of atherosclerosis, cancer and heart disease.
To provide yourself with vitamins, you do not need to germinate many grains. It is not the quantity that is important, but the regularity of the appearance of fruits and vegetables on the table. When germinating grains, follow all conditions and purchase fresh grains. Overgrown sprouts can be harmful to your health!
Lush bushes of spicy greenery, sprouts rich in vitamins and fragrant bulbous flowers are classics of the windowsill, which do not lose their relevance today. People are increasingly interested in various indoor plants and place great emphasis on keeping them as natural and chemically unprocessed as possible.
“We see that it is important for customers that what they grow and then put on a plate is healthy. Earlier this was less pronounced, but now green thinking is experiencing a real boom. Many are interested in unusual alternatives to popular plants: various dwarf varieties of tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers, which do not exceed half a meter in height, but give a rich harvest, therefore they are perfect for both the windowsill and the balcony. Peppers are especially in demand, they are gladly bought by families with small gardeners, because peppers are less demanding and easy to care for ”,
- says Ingus Lasmanis.
He adds that now is the time to sow not only spicy greens, but also plant spring bulbous flowers on the windowsill - seasonal crocuses, hyacinths, daffodils and tulips. At the same time, you need to think carefully about what to sow on the windowsills if you have curious animals at home - for example, hyacinths and tomatoes are dangerous for cats.
An excellent solution is ready-made seed boxes with properly prepared soil and a phytolamp included in the kit, which allows you to germinate seeds even on a table if there are no other options in a city apartment. Moreover, it is an interesting element of the interior.
Plants growing on the windowsill can be transplanted into the garden or balcony boxes in April. A bush of overdried and tired parsley, having spent the summer on the street, will again be lush by autumn, it will smell and please both the eyes and the stomach. On the other hand, if the seedlings are planned to be planted in a greenhouse, now it is too early to sow - this should be done at the end of February. Tomatoes from sowing seeds to planting in a greenhouse will take 50-60 days, cucumbers less - 20-30 days, depending on the variety. In addition, it is still difficult to predict when the air temperature will be suitable for planting in open ground - the night temperature should be above +8 degrees, which is usually observed in Latvia at the end of April or even in May.
First, it is recommended to treat the seeds with a fungicide or a light solution of potassium permanganate to disinfect and prevent the appearance of fungi.
“The seeds can be immersed in water for 15-20 minutes with the addition of 1% disinfectant. At the same time, such a bath will allow you to evaluate which seeds are worth sowing. Of those that come up, it is unlikely that something good will come out. Fertile, good seeds will drown ”,
- says Ingus Laumanis.
Strong plants such as tomatoes can be sown in a large box and dived later. Herbs can also be sown abundantly and then thinned out. In turn, delicate fragile seedlings - cucumbers, pumpkin, zucchini, fragile flowers - it is better to put a seed or two in a peat pot or tablet.
“A very convenient solution is seed on a belt: it is a little more expensive, but the seeds are usually of higher quality, already treated with fungicides and are ready to plant both in the garden and in the greenhouse. For example, when sowing carrots, it makes life much easier ”,- the head of the department admits.
And he adds: vegetables grown from seeds processed in this way can be safely eaten, since they are processed in accordance with strict EU rules.
A classic grandmother's trick is to spread the seeds on a wet base - on a tray, cotton wool, paper or soft cloth.
“The advantage of this method is that you can see at a glance which seeds are germinating. However, care should be taken to ensure that roots do not grow through the tissue, as removing a plant for transplanting can easily damage the root. In addition, it is necessary to carefully monitor the level of moisture - the seeds must be in a humid environment at all times ”,- explains Ingus Laumanis.
He recommends peat tablets for seed germination - they are moist all the time and will not damage the plant roots, because you can transplant the plant with the entire peat tablet.
While the seeds are still firm, they can be placed on the windowsill above the radiator, but after the root has formed, it is best to avoid direct sunlight and heat.
“The most suitable solution is a disposable pot, which can then be planted in the ground: the less seedlings are replanted and raised, the better - the risk of root injury is less. 20 seed cassettes and plastic pots seem to be beneficial, but not particularly good for seedlings. If you plan not to transplant the plants, but to grow them on a windowsill, any pot will do, even an empty yogurt glass. If a herb garden grows in an unglazed clay pot, then you need to take into account the fact that a lot of moisture evaporates from such a pot and it will have to be watered often ”,- the expert explains.
The soil should be shallow, preferably intended for sowing and picking. When sowing spices, you can manually grind a special soil for herbs, to which the necessary nutrients and vitamins have already been added, and this fertilizer is enough for 1-2 months.
Hyacinths can be grown without soil at all, only in water. This will require a special vase or any vase with a narrowed neck. The bulb is planted on this constriction, and the vase is filled with water so that there are always roots in the water, but not the bulb itself. The main thing is that such a vase is transparent.
Plants will thrive best on the west or east side of the windowsill, where there is enough light, but they will not be exposed to direct sunlight because the sprouts are very easy to burn. A specialized phytolamp or an ordinary fluorescent lamp is ideal for germination.
“A suitable solution for an apartment is a small greenhouse for a house - 2-4 shelves covered with foil. If you put a lamp of the right size on each shelf, the greenhouse can work very efficiently. ”
- says Ingus Laumanis.
Until the shoots sprout, the soil should be moist all the time. It is recommended to water a little, but twice a day. Once the seedlings are grown, they can be watered twice a week, but this depends on many factors, such as the humidity in the house. Herbs can be fertilized with a special herb fertilizer, but it is recommended to stop using them 2 weeks before use.
However, when growing sprouts for use in salads or buns, fertilizers are not needed at all because the sprouts develop very quickly. Water, if not distilled, also contains many minerals. It is recommended to water it with snow - in the city center it will not be the best option, but in other places it is ideal.
Mold, yellowed or wilted plants are not always the gardener's fault. A layer of mold on the soil is not always a bad thing. If the air is warm and the plant is watered normally, mold may develop. In this case, simply remove the topsoil. If the plant itself is covered with mold, then it is better to throw it away and sow it again while there is time for it, because it is possible that the fungus has multiplied.
If the plants turn yellow, most likely they are too dry - cut the plant and water it. If the plant has been thoroughly watered but still turns yellow, it may lack iron or nitrogen and need fertilization. Only then is it recommended not to eat this plant for a week, and when spraying with fertilizers, rinse it before eating.
If the plant dries up even with good watering, it may have damaged roots or contaminated soil.
“It is advisable to take such a plant out of the pot and look at the roots. It is better to discard heavily damaged spices so that the disease does not spread to other plants. If the soil has gotten from one bag to several pots, be sure to check everything. Your best bet is to replace the ground and replant the plants. An easy way to disinfect the soil is to put it in a metal container and put it in the oven for a few minutes at a temperature of 100-150 degrees - this will completely destroy fungi and pests ”,- Ingus Laumanis recommends that every mini-garden on the windowsill is lush and green.
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Currently, there are many varieties of cucumbers and tomatoes intended for cultivation in the apartment. It is necessary to choose varieties whose characteristics include self-pollination and small size. If you take ordinary seeds, then there is simply not enough space for vegetables, because the size of the windowsill is very limited.
Before planting, the seeds must be soaked for a couple of hours in water or a special solution, after which they can already be planted in ordinary plastic cups or peat tablets. When the plants grow up and grow a little, we transplant them into a container, where they will live in the future. The volume of a box or pot must be at least four liters - this is necessary for good growth and development of plants.
It is better to water the plants with warm water, once a week it is worth adding various nutrients that contribute to the normal development of seedlings.
You can get parsley greens at home in two ways: sowing seeds in the ground and forcing from prepared roots. The second method, although it requires some preliminary preparation, is generally simpler. Even if you have not prepared planting material since autumn, you can look for high-quality root crops for distillation in the vegetable departments of stores.
For our purposes, absolutely healthy parsley roots of medium size (30-60 g in weight) without signs of wilting are suitable. They must have an apical bud - heavily trimmed plants will not produce greenery.
Having well moistened the soil in a box or flower pot, we plant root crops, covering their tops with soil. Too long can be cut (sprinkled with charcoal cut to avoid rot) or planted obliquely. The latter option is considered even more preferable than the regular fit.
Parsley from seeds at home. Photo by the author
If you grow parsley from seeds, you need to take into account two nuances: the plant is photophilous, and its seeds germinate rather slowly. When sowing, the containers with parsley were not very well located relative to the light source, and the seedlings immediately began to stretch out.And it was possible to accelerate germination thanks to preliminary soaking of the seeds in a solution of Gumi (I will certainly tell you more about this wonderful preparation somehow).
Read more about growing aromatic greens at home in the article How to grow parsley on a windowsill, and choose seeds in our catalog, which contains offers from various garden online stores. Select parsley seeds:
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